Facts About Normal VS C-Section Delivery, All Women Must Know

Giving birth is truly a miracle and there are 2 ways in which the newborn can come into this world: you can opt for normal delivery or for cesarean section. Among these, the best method is chosen by a doctor according to the baby’s and the mother’s health, because the ultimate goal is to safely give birth to one healthy baby.

  • Vaginal birth

Pros for the baby:

An advantage for the baby of a vaginal delivery is that the mother will have much more early contact with her little one than the woman who has undergone surgery, and she can initiate the breastfeeding much sooner.

During the vaginal delivery, muscles that are involved in the process are more likely to squeeze out the fluid found in the newborn’s lungs, which is a benefit since it makes the babies less likely to suffer from breathing problems at birth. Babies who are born vaginally also receive an early dose of good bacteria while they travel through their mother’s birth canal, which might boost their immune systems and protect their intestinal tracts.

Pros for the mother:

From a psychological perspective, women who go through with a vaginal delivery are said to have a more positive birthing experience. Those women who go through vaginal delivery sometimes feel it’s empowering to know they were actively involved in the whole process. The mothers who deliver through vaginal birth have a shorter recovery time than the mothers who go for C-sections. This method of birthing also allows the mother and the baby to make skin to skin contact immediately after the delivery, speeding up the bonding process.

Cons for the baby:

If the mother has had a long labor or if the baby is large and delivered vaginally, the baby might get injured during the birth process itself, such as having a bruised scalp or a fractured collarbone, as stated by the Stanford School of Medicine.

Cons for the mother:

The vaginal delivery can be very stressful as you are not going to be completely sure how long your delivery will take. Some deliveries are short and others take more hours depending on each case. Having the baby delivered on a natural way leaves the mother waiting for the big day to come, making the planning process for the baby’s arrival more complicated.

  • C-section

Pros for the mother:

There are not many advantages to having a C-section if the woman is eligible to have a vaginal delivery.

However, if the pregnant woman knows that she is going to need a C-section, a surgical birth can be scheduled earlier, making it more convenient and more predictable than a vaginal birth and going through a much longer labor.

Cons for the mother:

Women who opt for a C-section typically stay in the hospital longer, 2 to 4 days on average, compared with those who have a vaginal delivery. Having a C-section also increases the woman’s risk for more physical complaints following the delivery, such as longer-lasting soreness and pain at the site of the incision.

Since woman is undergoing surgery, a C-section involves more increased risk of blood loss and a greater risk of infection. The bowel or bladder can be injured during the operation or a blood clot might form.

One study found that women who went through a C-section are less likely to begin early breastfeeding their baby than women who had a vaginal birth.

The recovery period after the delivery is also longer since a woman may have more pain and discomfort in her abdomen because the skin and the nerves surrounding her surgical scar will need time to heal, very often at least 2 months.

Women are 3 times more likely to die during a Caesarean delivery than during a vaginal birth, mostly due to the blood clots, complications from anesthesia and infections, according to the French study.

Once the woman has had her first C-section, she is more likely to have a C-section in her other future deliveries. She could also be at a greater risk of future pregnancy complications, such as uterine rupture, which is when the C-section scar in her uterus ruptures, and some placenta abnormalities. The risk for placenta problems increases with every C-section a woman has.

Cons for the baby:
When delivered by C-section some babies have respiratory problems. The doctors claim that C-sections cause complications such as problems with anesthesia or possibly nicking the baby. These risks during vaginal delivery are very low, but those are factors about which each expectant mother should be aware of.

Overall, there are very significant factors that affect the decision of the mother to choose her option, and the choice is just hers. Of course, in cases where a C-section is necessary for the health of the baby and the mother, (such as high risk of passing sexually transmitted viruses or some complications from fetal distress) the procedure is going to be carried out even if a natural birth is preferred.

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